Lee Kuan Yew, who passed away on Monday at the period of 91, is well known as the guy who rotate Singapore indigenous a small port right into a global trading hub. However he juga insisted on tidiness and an excellent behaviour - and personified the country's half on chewing gum. Apa was it about gum he for this reason disliked?


For a ketika after the gum ban was presented in 1992 it was all international journalists wanted to talk about, Lee Kuan Yew complained later, in conversation through US writer Tom Plate. That and also caning, as a membentuk of punishment.

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The half remains one of the best-known facets of life in Singapore, bersama with the country's laws against litter, graffiti, jaywalking, spitting, expelling "mucus from the nose" and urinating anywhere however in a toilet. (If it's a public toilet, you room legally compelled to flush it.)


When Singapore ended up being independent in 1965 it was a tiny country with few resources, so Lee, the country's very first prime minister, hatched a survival plan. This hinged on membuat the city state a "first-world oasis in a third-world region".


Before an extremely long, Singapore to be outstripping other arisen countries in kondisi of that is cleanliness, clipped lawns, and efficient transfer system. The Cambridge-educated Lee, that seems, to be aiming for perfection.


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Image source, Reuters

"For many years together a visiting columnist, I as well chewed over the puzzle that the chewing gum conundrum, yet came to understand that the tendency to stick the remains of the gum in every which place was perceived by the authorities as a palpable attack on Singapore's ambitious to be perfect," write Plate, in his publication Giants of Asia: Conversations with Lee Kuan Yew.


"That is, it to be anti-utopian. It to be gumming increase the works. As much as LKY and his team menjadi concerned, the yucky habit, popular in the old days, was a palpable opponent of progress. The way to edge depan toward utopia was simple: simply outlaw chewing gum."


By the time the gum ban was implemented, Lee had menyelesaikan 31 years as prime minister, and also had akan "senior minister", a big power behind the scenes.


"We were called a nanny state," the told the buycia2.com's Peter job in 2000. "But the result is the we space today much better behaved and also we live in a an ext agreeable place than 30 years ago."


At the time, Lee to be pushing for a "new meletus of creativity in business" and Day "hesitantly" suggested that chewing gum grounding to the pavements might be a sign that the desired brand-new spirit of creative thinking had arrived.


"Putting chewing gum on ours subway train doors for this reason they don't open, i don't panggilan that creativity. I call that mischief-making," Lee replied. "If friend can't think due to the fact that you can't chew, shot a banana."


Lee felt there to be a public politik solution to everything, plate says, also that gum top top the pavement, or the doors that the "mass rapid transit" trains. "He was apa I panggilan a pragmatic utopian," plate says. "He woke up in the morning and also said, 'How can I make it better today?'"


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Image source, AFP

Since 2004 - as a an outcome of the US-Singapore cost-free Trade agreement - pharmacists and dentists have also been enabled to offer "therapeutic" gum, come customers through a clinical prescription. This contains standard sugar-free gum.


"We joke about these policies... Us Singaporeans define Singapore as a 'fine city' - a tongue-in-cheek recommendation to the many fines that can be applied for various types of sosial misconduct," states Eugene Tan, an combine professor of law at the Singapore administration University.


And in spite of the adjust in the legislation in 2004, "one would certainly be hard-pressed come find rakyat chewing gum in Singapore," Tan says.


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Image source, AFP

"I have frequently had the unpleasant endure of gaining my tubuh manusia parts into contact with both fresh and stale chewing gum in lecture theatres and classrooms," throughout the UK, he says.


Plate, who has visited Singapore more than a dozen times, has never had any problem adhering to the law, though he states his Berkeley-educated mam was tempted to berjalan on the grass.

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Singapore is "excessively cleaned, overpriced and also over-policed," he claims - no that berbeda from his own home town, Beverly Hills in California.